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Landscape Infrastructure: Urbanism Beyond Engineering

Pierre Bélanger

HARVARD UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL OF DESIGN

INCREASINGLY, ecology is coming into focus as a strategy and system in the design of urban infrastructures and performance of urban economies.1 This contemporary change is largely attributable to the massive transition from industrialization to urbanization worldwide in the past century made visible by three cumulative shifts: the rise of environmental concerns since the 1970s, the crisis of public works planning in the 1980s, and the erosion of post-war engineered structures from the 1990s onwards, whose legacy total more than 2.2 trillion dollars in urgently needed reinvestment.2,3 Contributing to the rising agency of the ...

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