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Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture (CCIE Professional Development) by Russ CCIE #2635 White, Curtis CCIE #1521 Murphy, Vijay CCIE #1606 Bollapragada

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Packet Switching on the Cisco 7200 Series Routers

The Cisco 7200 supports process switching, fast switching, and Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF), but doesn't support any form of distributed switching. The main CPU in the NPE performs all the switching tasks.

Packet Receive Stage

Figure 5-6 illustrates what occurs when a packet is received.

Figure 5-6. Receiving a Packet

Step 1.
The packet is copied from the media into a series of particles linked to the interface's receive ring. The particles can reside in either I/O memory or PCI memory depending on the platform and the interface's media speed.
Step 2.
The interface raises a receive interrupt ...

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