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Inside Windows Storage: Server Storage Technologies for Windows® 2000, Windows® Server 2003, and Beyond by Dilip C. Naik

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3.1. The Emergence of NAS

After the appearance of direct-attached storage, several factors resulted in a situation in which multiple servers with direct-attached storage were deployed. The storage was accessed via a network file system, typically NFS, at least in the mid-1980s. One relevant factor was that in the 1980s, the client/server era had begun, following the eras of the mainframe and the minis. Client/server computing was widely accepted in commercial enterprises.

In addition, storage was still relatively expensive, yet storage needs were growing. The bottleneck in deploying more storage was the fact that a server could have only a limited number of direct-attached storage devices (typically only seven or eight addresses were allowed, ...

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