Chapter 1

Introduction

Toshihisa Funabashi    Institute of Materials and Systems for Sustainability (IMaSS), Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan

Abstract

The world energy demand has been increasing exponentially. Conventional energy resources (eg, coal, oil, and gas) are exhaustible and limited in supply. Therefore, there is an urgent need to conserve what we have on hand and explore the alternative energy resources. Among various types of renewable energy resources, the solar and wind energies are the most promising for humankind. Because of the large amount of renewable energies, the renewable energy sources will be the backbone of the energy system in future. Over the time, the renewable energy gradually displaces the coal, oil, and gas from our ...

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