There are projects in this book that require a bit more than the simple usage of Arduino reference APIs. Especially Chapter 7, where the OpenCV and V4L2 are explained, and some examples will not run as simple sketches (Arduino programs). In these cases, you will need to know how to make a new build, how to create the toolchains specifically to your computer and how to use the cross-compilers to compile native applications.
The build system used to create the Intel Galileo images—the Yocto project—is very powerful, but it is not as straightforward as a simple make command. There is some computer preparation that must ...