The main aims of this chapter are to:
8.2 Qualitative and quantitative
8.3 Simple quantitative analysis
8.4 Simple qualitative analysis
8.5 Tools to support data analysis
8.6 Using theoretical frameworks
8.7 Presenting the findings
The kind of analysis that can be performed on a set of data will be influenced by the goals identified at the outset, and the data actually gathered. Broadly speaking, you may take a qualitative analysis approach or a quantitative analysis approach, or a combination of qualitative and quantitative. The last of these is very common as it supports triangulation and provides flexibility.
Most analysis, whether it is quantitative or qualitative, begins with initial reactions or observations from the data. This might involve identifying patterns or calculating simple numerical values such as ratios, averages, or percentages. ...