12The Technology of the Web



Though some of the concepts behind the World Wide Web go back as far as 1945, the technology to implement it in a practical way began to appear in the late 1980s. Initial uses of the Web were for publishing information by major universities and high-technology organizations around the world.

It wasn’t until the mid-1990s that the Web began to be used for commercial applications such as content publishing, entertainment, marketing, advertising, and commerce.

This chapter will highlight some of the technologies you should understand before you begin building your own Web pages.


The basic idea behind the Web is that documents can reside on a computer—a powerful computer with specific capabilities, ...

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