The structure of a lecture is often tacit, but making it more explicit can be beneficial to the listeners who might not otherwise perceive it. Effective lecturers typically describe the overall structure of the lecture at the beginning of a talk, and then along the way they make reference to where they are in terms of the overall structure. These references are usually in the form of words, which may also appear as text or visuals on a presentation slide. This indication of the overall structure and subsequent references to it are what we mean by Signposts.

Signposts are important in lectures for several reasons. Using Signposts can provide students with the cues they need in order to follow the main points. ...

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