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Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP by Adam Dunkels, Jean-Philippe Vasseur

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Chapter 19

Non-IP Smart Object Technologies

Before the consensus to adopt IP for smart objects became a reality, several non-IP solutions were developed and deployed, and are still being deployed. Until recently, the IP architecture was often considered too heavyweight to use for low-power short-range networks. Therefore, a number of custom protocol stacks and architectures were developed. In this chapter, we provide a high-level overview of two such protocol specifications: ZigBee and Z-Wave. Both have been developed for specific low-power, short-range, and low-bit-rate radios, and smart objects are their main application areas.

In general, custom protocol stacks are incompatible with the IP architecture. As discussed in Chapter 3, there are ...

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