Chapter 12 Force-Measuring Techniques

12.1 Direct and Indirect Measurements of Intermolecular, Interparticle, and Surface Forces

When we come to consider experimental measurements of intermolecular forces, we are confronted with a bewildering variety of data and techniques to draw upon. This is because almost any measurement of a physical or chemical property, whether in physics, chemistry, biology or engineering, is in some respect a measurement of intermolecular forces. For example, we have already seen how such a common property as the boiling point or phase state of a substance provides information on the strength of intermolecular binding energies. It is therefore difficult to make a list of experimental measurements of intermolecular ...

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