Chapter 7

The Future of Sustainable Development


Human agricultural, energy, and infrastructure systems have especially large implications for the biophysical environment, including climate change and water withdrawals. Modeling of agriculture and energy benefit from representation of supply, demand, and their equilibration in physical terms, but also from linkage of those partial equilibration systems to more general multisector systems in an economic model that maintains accounting of broader investment and its allocation. Much integrated assessment modeling has had special interest in exploring alternative scenarios for change in these three systems and their broader biophysical impacts on land and water use, on biodiversity, and on greenhouse ...

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