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Important Theories in International Relations

What Is a ‘Theory’ and Why Is It Required?

A theory is an analytical tool for understanding, explaining and making predictions about a given subject matter. It is a body of rules, ideas, principles or techniques to explain a natural event that can be put to test and is capable of predicting future events. A theory, in the scientific sense, is an analytic structure designed to explain a set of empirical observations. It is necessary because it acts as a guiding principle to systematically structure our observations. Different persons with different assumptions and perspectives may observe an event differently. A theory can tell us what to accept and what to ignore in our observations. Without the ...

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