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Internet of Things and Data Analytics Handbook by Hwaiyu Geng

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14 IoT ARCHITECTURE

SHYAM VARAN NATH

IoT at GE Digital, San Ramon, CA, USA

14.1 INTRODUCTION

Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging area where multiple vendors are developing their offerings, either as IoT Platform or specific part of the stack. According to the Gartner’s Hype Cycle of Emerging Technologies, while IoT remains at the peak of the hype curve, IoT Platform is on the emerging side or as Gartner calls it “Innovation Trigger” [1]. Since IoT brings together several different technologies, such as sensor technologies, data collection, connectivity, data store, analytics, visualization, business logic, and mobile, IoT Architecture provides a “glue” to align the different pieces within an IoT Platform. At a high level, the physical world converges with the computing hardware, software, and the interconnecting systems. To derive the business value from the IoT systems, people have to be connected to consume the information and monetize it. Hence, any IoT application cannot ignore the User Experience (UX). IoT Platforms should account for the UX aspects, as well.

14.2 ARCHITECTURAL APPROACHES

Software design patterns have been used to provide reusable solutions for generic problems, to guide the software engineers. An example of such a software pattern can be a sorting algorithm. As a resource, it allows the software engineer to get jump‐started with the coding in a specific programming language. Likewise, an architecture pattern helps to jump‐start the software architecture ...

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