Today, many things are created with intelligence in mind, for example a building equipped with control sensors for electricity, water consumption managed from the web or the automation of taxi services via the cellular network and GPS, where the use of applications has encouraged the development of an interconnected world. Mobile devices connect larger and larger numbers of people, objects and services.
This observation highlights the concept of smart objects and smart devices, which are digital electronic devices that are connected to each other thanks to different types of networks and protocols (Bluetooth, 3G, 4G, Wi-Fi) that lead to the creation of a collection of Smart Objects (smartphones, Smart Cars, Smart Homes, Smart Cities and Smart World) which are visible each time we connect to the Internet.
Five initiatives of Smart Devices are attractive according to Stankovic [STA 14]: Internet of Things (IoT), Mobile Computing (MC), Pervasive Computing (PC), Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) and Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). Research on the IoT, PC, MC, WSN and CPS is concentrated primarily on technologies like real-time computing, machine learning, confidentiality, security, signal processing and Big Data among other things. At the same time, Smart Vision involves diverse domains of science as well as the creation, management and use of interconnected smart objects linked to the Internet.