Chapter 1: Interpretation, Interpretability, and Explainability; and Why Does It All Matter?

We live in a world whose rules and procedures are governed by data and algorithms.

For instance, there are rules as to who gets approved for credit or released on bail, and which social media posts might get censored. There are also procedures to determine which marketing tactics are most effective and which chest x-ray features might diagnose a positive case of pneumonia.

You expect this because it is nothing new!

But not so long ago, rules and procedures such as these used to be hardcoded into software, textbooks, and paper forms, and humans were the ultimate decision-makers. Often, it was entirely up to human discretion. Decisions depended on human ...

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