This chapter focuses on assertions. Assertions mark boundaries, but they don’t consume
characters—that is, characters will not be returned in a result. They are
also known as zero-width assertions. A zero-width assertion doesn’t match a character, per se, but
rather a location in a string. Some of these, such as
also called anchors.
The boundaries I'll talk about in this chapter are:
The beginning and end of a line or string
Word boundaries (two kinds)
The beginning and end of a subject
Boundaries that quote string literals
To start, I’ll use RegExr again, but this time, for variety, I’ll use the Safari browser (however, you can use any browser you like). I’ll also use the same text I used last time: the first 12 lines of rime.txt. Open the Safari browser with http://gskinner.com/regexr and copy the first 12 lines of rime.txt from the code archive into the lower box.
As you have seen a number of times already, to match the beginning of a line or string, use the caret or circumflex (U+005E):
Depending on the context, a
will match the beginning of a line or string, sometimes a whole document.
The context depends on your application and what options you are using
with that application.
To match the end of a line or string, as you know, use the dollar sign:
In RegExr, make sure that multiline is checked. global is checked by default when you open RegExr, but you can leave it checked or unchecked for this example. When multiline ...