© The Author(s), under exclusive license to APress Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2024
S. R. GoniwadaIntroduction to One Digital Identityhttps://doi.org/10.1007/979-8-8688-0255-3_4

4. The Rise of Biometric Systems

Shivakumar R. Goniwada1  
Gubbalala, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

In this chapter, you will explore the history and evolution of biometric systems and how various biometric technologies and applications are used today. Biometrics are unique physical and behavioral characteristics that can be used to identify and verify individuals. Biometric systems can be based on fingerprints, the iris and retina, DNA, gait, etc.

The use of biometric systems has raised a number of important ethical and legal challenges as well as reinforced existing ...

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