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Introduction to Plasmas and Plasma Dynamics by Haibin Tang, Thomas M. York

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Chapter 2

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Abstract

This chapter begins with a definition of idealized molecular behavior that incorporates classical momentum and energy conservation. The gas laws at standard conditions are derived and explained within this formalism. The transport phenomena of viscosity, conduction, and diffusion are similarly treated. Statistical concepts are introduced to establish a mathematical basis for deriving macroscopic properties. The velocity (Maxwellian) distribution function is derived from physical laws and with the introduction of entropy as an important descriptive variable of state. Average values of molecular speeds are derived. The extension of the ideal molecular model as the basis for describing real gases is discussed. ...

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