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Introduction to Renewable Biomaterials

Book Description

Covers the entire evolutionary spectrum of biomass, from its genetic modification and harvesting, to conversion technologies, life cycle analysis, and its value to the current global economy

This original textbook introduces readers to biomass—a renewable resource derived from forest, agriculture, and organic-based materials—which has attracted significant attention as a sustainable alternative to petrochemicals for large-scale production of fuels, materials, and chemicals. The current renaissance in the manipulation and uses of biomass has been so abrupt and focused, that very few educational textbooks actually cover these topics to any great extent. That’s why this interdisciplinary text is a welcome resource for those seeking a better understanding of this new discipline. It combines the underpinning science of biomass with technology applications and sustainability considerations to provide a broad focus to its readers. 

Introduction to Renewable Biomaterials: First Principles and Concepts consists of eight chapters on the following topics: fundamental biochemical & biotechnological principles; principles and methodologies controlling plant growth and silviculture; fundamental science and engineering considerations; critical considerations and strategies for harvesting; first principles of pretreatment; conversion technologies; characterization methods and techniques; and life cycle analysis. Each chapter includes a glossary of terms, two to three problem sets, and boxes to highlight novel discoveries and instruments. Chapters also offer questions for further consideration and suggestions for further reading. 

  • Developed from a successful USDA funded course, run by a partnership of three US universities: BioSUCEED - BioProducts Sustainability, a University Cooperative Center for Excellence in Education
  • Covers the entire evolutionary spectrum of biomass, from genetic modification to life cycle analysis
  • Presents the key chemistry, biology, technology, and sustainability aspects of biomaterials
  • Edited by a highly regarded academic team, with extensive research and teaching experience in the field

Introduction to Renewable Biomaterials: First Principles and Concepts is an ideal text for advanced academics and industry professionals involved with biomass and renewable resources, bioenergy, biorefining, biotechnology, materials science, sustainable chemistry, chemical engineering, crop science and technology, agriculture.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. List of Contributors
  5. Preface
  6. Chapter 1: Fundamental Biochemical and Biotechnological Principles of Biomass Growth and Use
    1. 1.1 Learning Objectives
    2. 1.2 Comparison of Fossil-Based versus Bio-Based Raw Materials
    3. 1.3 The Nature of Bio-Based Raw Materials
    4. 1.4 General Considerations Surrounding Bio-Based Raw Materials
    5. 1.5 Research Advances Made Recently
    6. 1.6 Prominent Scientists Working in this Arena
    7. 1.7 Summary
    8. 1.8 Study Problems
    9. 1.9 Key References
    10. References
  7. Chapter 2: Fundamental Science and Applications for Biomaterials
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 What are the Biopolymers that Encompass the Structure and Function of Lignocellulosics?
    3. 2.3 Chemical Reactivity of Cellulose, Heteropolysaccharides, and Lignin
    4. 2.4 Composite as a Unique Application for Renewable Materials
    5. 2.5 Question for Further Consideration
    6. References
  8. Chapter 3: Conversion Technologies
    1. 3.1 Learning Objectives
    2. 3.2 Energy Scenario at Global Level
    3. 3.3 Biomass
    4. 3.4 Biomass Conversion Methods
    5. 3.5 Metrics to Assist the Transition Towards Sustainable Production of Bioenergy and Biomaterials
    6. 3.6 Summary
    7. 3.7 Key References
    8. References
  9. Chapter 4: Characterization Methods and Techniques
    1. 4.1 Philosophy Statement
    2. 4.2 Understanding the Characteristics of Biomass
    3. 4.3 Taking Precautions Prior to Setting Up Experiments for Biomass Analysis
    4. 4.4 Classifying Biomass Sizes for Proper Analysis
    5. 4.5 Moisture Content of Biomass and Importance of Drying Samples Prior to Analysis
    6. 4.6 When the Carbon is Burned
    7. 4.7 Structural Cell Wall Analysis, What To Look For
    8. 4.8 Hydrolyzing Biomass and Determining Its Composition
    9. 4.9 Determining Cell Wall Structures Through Spectroscopy and Scattering
    10. 4.10 Examining the Size of the Biopolymers: Molecular Weight Analysis
    11. 4.11 Intricacies of Understanding Lignin Structure
    12. 4.12 Questions for Further Consideration
    13. References
  10. Chapter 5: Introduction to Life-Cycle Assessment and Decision Making Applied to Forest Biomaterials
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 LCA Components Overview
    3. 5.3 Life-Cycle Assessment Steps
    4. 5.4 LCA Tools for Forest Biomaterials
    5. References
  11. Chapter 6: First Principles of Pretreatment and Cracking Biomass to Fundamental Building Blocks
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 What Difference Should Be Considered Between Wood and Agricultural Biomass?
    3. 6.3 Define Pretreatment
    4. 6.4 Steps of Production of Cellulosic Ethanol
    5. 6.5 What Are the Key Considerations for Making a Successful Pretreatment Technology?
    6. 6.6 What Are the General Methods Used in Pretreatment?
    7. 6.7 What Is Currently Being Done and What Are the Advances?
    8. 6.8 Summary
    9. References
  12. Chapter 7: Green Route to Prepare Renewable Polyesters from Monomers: Enzymatic Polymerization
    1. 7.1 Philosophic Statement
    2. 7.2 Introduction
    3. 7.3 Lipase-Catalyzed Ring-Opening Polymerizations of Cyclic Monomeric Esters (Lactones and Lactides)
    4. 7.4 Lipase-Catalyzed Polycondensation
    5. List of Abbreviations
    6. References
  13. Chapter 8: Oil-Based and Bio-Derived Thermoplastic Polymer Blends and Composites
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 Oil-Based and Bio-Derived Thermoplastic Polymer Blends
    3. 8.3 Thermoplastic Composites with Natural Fillers
    4. 8.4 Conclusion
    5. 8.5 Questions for Further Consideration
    6. References
  14. Index
  15. End User License Agreement