Chapter 1

US Cybersecurity Jobs


We start by reviewing the different “hacker” classifications, and then review the key knowledge, skills, and abilities (as determined by National Cybersecurity Workforce Framework) that specifically relate to penetration testers or ethical hackers.


penetration tester
ethical hacker
white hat hacker
black hat hacker
gray hat hacker
blue hat hacker
blue team
red team
National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE)
National Cybersecurity Workforce Framework
National Initiative For Cybersecurity Careers And Studies
Information security, or cybersecurity as it is often referred to, is a growing and exciting global industry. Our adversaries (which include state-sponsored “hackers”) ...

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