7.2. Accessing Variables in Block Objects
You want to understand the difference between accessing variables in Objective-C methods and accessing those variables in block objects.
Here is a brief summary of what you must know about variables in block objects:
Local variables in block objects work exactly the same as in Objective-C methods.
For inline block objects, local variables constitute not only variables defined within the block, but also the variables that have been defined in the method that implements that block object. (Examples will come shortly.)
You cannot refer to
selfin independent block objects implemented in an Objective-C class. If you need to access
self, you must pass that object to the block object as a parameter. We will see an example of this soon.
You can refer to
selfin an inline block object only if
selfis present in the lexical scope inside which the block object is created.
For inline block objects, local variables that are defined inside the block object’s implementation can be read from and written to. In other words, the block object has read/write access to variables defined inside the block object’s body.
For inline block objects, variables local to the Objective-C method that implement that block can only be read from, not written to. There is an exception, though: a block object can write to such variables if they are defined with the
__blockstorage type. We will see an example of this as well.
Suppose you have an object of type