Chapter 12. Smart and Connected Cities

The world is rapidly urbanizing, and this trend is slated to continue. Less than one-third of the world’s population lived in cities in 1950; by 2050, two-thirds of our planet’s population will be city dwellers. Africa and Asia, which today account for 90% of the world’s rural population, are projected to have 56% and 64%, respectively, of their populations urbanize. Today, the percentage of people in North America, Europe, Latin America, and the Caribbean who live in cities already exceeds 70%. In terms of raw numbers, the urban population of the world has grown to nearly 4 billion, from just 746 million in 1950. By 2050, this figure will grow by another 2.5 billion.

Most cities started as small urban centers ...

Get IoT Fundamentals: Networking Technologies, Protocols, and Use Cases for the Internet of Things now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from nearly 200 publishers.