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IP Routing Fundamentals by Mark A. Sportack

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LAN Segmentation

Although the preceding series of examples seem a bit redundant, it is necessary to develop the context for better appreciating the differences between a LAN's MAC broadcast and/or media access domains. Although these two domains are so closely related as to be virtually synonymous from a user's perspective, they can be intentionally and unambiguously separated. This separation, as demonstrated throughout the preceding section's examples and illustrations, is known as segmentation.

Segmentation is the process of splitting a LAN's domain(s) into two or more separate domains. This allows a LAN to grow beyond its inherent limitations without compromising its performance. It is possible to segment LANs' media access domains, MAC ...

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