The objective of IPSAS 19 is to define provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets, identify the circumstances in which provisions should be recognized, how they should be measured and the disclosures that should be made about them. The standard also requires that certain information be disclosed about contingent liabilities and contingent assets in the notes to the financial statements to enable users to understand their nature, timing and amount.
IAS 37, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets
A liability is a present obligation of the entity arising from past events, the settlement of which is expected to result in an outflow from the entity of resources embodying economic benefits or service potential.
A provision is a liability of uncertain timing or amount.
IPSAS 19.18 defines a contingent liability as: