Chapter 8. Mobile IPv6

In the past, we were used to making phone calls from home or from the office. Public pay phones allowed us to make phone calls while on the road. Today, the use of mobile phones is common and we make phone calls from almost anywhere and in any life situation. The use of notebook computers, wireless networks, and portable devices is expanding, and we can imagine having smart devices and using them from wherever we are. If these devices are to use IP as a transport protocol, we need Mobile IP to make this work. We expect our device to remain connected when we move around and change our point of attachment to the network, just as we are used to roaming from one cell to the next with our mobile phones today. For example, suppose you have a tablet with an 802.11 (wireless) interface and a UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System) interface. In your hotel room, you are connected to the network through your wireless interface; when you leave your room and go out to the street, you switch automatically to UMTS without losing your connection. All the applications, such as your Skype session or your voice call running on your tablet, don’t drop. Isn’t this cool? This section about Mobile IP explores the mechanisms needed and shows how IPv6 is ready for this challenge.

With IPv4 and IPv6 alike, the prefix (subnet address) changes depending on the network to which we are attached. When a mobile node changes its point of access to the network, it needs to get ...

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