Classification of IP Routing Protocols

Routing between the various segments of a network can be achieved by programming the routers with manual routing information, commonly referred to as static routes, or by using a dynamic protocol to automate the collection of routing information and intelligence. The applications or protocols used in the latter case are referred to as dynamic routing protocols. In addition, a router can just use a default route for forwarding packets heading to nondirectly connected subnets. The next hop along the default route is referred to as the default gateway. Default routes can be generated by either static or dynamic methods. Some common dynamic IP routing protocols in use today are the Routing Information Protocol ...

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