Competency-Based Design and Evaluation

For the entire history of training, the predominate approach to mastery in skill-based learning has been “watch, learn, practice, feedback, mastery.” The reason this approach has lasted so long is that it works for the purpose for which it was designed, essentially the immersion and training of new skilled tradepeople in psychomotor or tactile-based skills like masonry, pottery, carving, millwrighting, cooking, baking, and farming. Before World War II, it was not unusual for most workers to be cast in an occupation very early in life, either from family history or necessity, and then stay in that occupation all of their working lives. This meant that training happened as a natural evolution from apprentice ...

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