Creating and Modifying XML Documents
WHAT YOU WILL LEARN IN THIS CHAPTER:
- What the Document Object Model is
- How you create a DOM parser
- How you access the contents of a document using DOM
- How you can create and update a new XML document
- What the Extensible Stylesheet Language (XSL) is
- How the Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformation (XSLT) language relates to XSL
- How you can use a Transformer object to read and write XML files
- How to modify Sketcher to store and retrieve sketches as XML documents
In this chapter you explore what you can do with the Document Object Model (DOM) application program interface (API). As I outlined in the previous chapter, DOM uses a mechanism that is completely different from Simple API for XML (SAX). As well as providing an alternative mechanism for parsing XML documents, DOM also adds the capability for you to modify them and create new ones. You also make a short excursion into XSLT and apply it with DOM in Sketcher. By the end of this chapter you have a version of Sketcher that can store and retrieve sketches as XML files.
THE DOCUMENT OBJECT MODEL
As you saw in the previous chapter, a DOM parser presents you with a Document object that encapsulates an entire XML structure. You can call methods for this object to navigate through the document tree and process the elements and attributes in whatever way you want. This is quite different from SAX, but there is still quite a close relationship between DOM and SAX.
The mechanism for ...