Now that we understand basic security concepts, let's talk about various forms of security attacks.
The simplest of the attacks work by getting hold of the password of an account on a computer system. Recall that password is a shared secret used by the computer system to authenticate the account holder. Once the attacker has the password he can do everything the account holder can do. Common techniques to “steal” passwords include:
Guessing— People select passwords that are easy to remember, most often names of their children, spouse, friends or a dictionary word that is easy to guess.
Wiretapping— A number of protocols send password information over the wire in clear text. These can be captured by anyone having access to a ...