The Executor framework is a mechanism that allows you to separate thread creation from its execution. It's based on the Executor and ExecutorService interfaces with the ThreadPoolExecutor class that implements both the interfaces. It has an internal pool of threads and provides methods that allow you to send two kinds of tasks and execute them in the pooled threads. These tasks are:
- The Runnable interface to implement tasks that don't return a result
- The Callable interface to implement tasks that return a result
In both cases, you only send the task to the executor. The executor uses one of its pooled threads or creates a new one to execute those tasks. It also decides the moment in which the task ...