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Java, A Beginner’s Guide, 5th Edition by Herbert Schildt

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Creating a Multilevel Hierarchy

Up to this point, we have been using simple class hierarchies that consist of only a superclass and a subclass. However, you can build hierarchies that contain as many layers of inheritance as you like. As mentioned, it is perfectly acceptable to use a subclass as a superclass of another. For example, given three classes called A, B, and C, C can be a subclass of B, which is a subclass of A. When this type of situation occurs, each subclass inherits all of the traits found in all of its superclasses. In this case, C inherits all aspects of B and A.

To see how a multilevel hierarchy can be useful, consider the following program. In it, the subclass Triangle is used as a superclass to create the subclass called ...

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