You want to multiply an integer by a fraction without converting the fraction to a floating-point number.

Multiply the integer by the numerator and divide by the denominator.

This technique should be used only when efficiency is more important than clarity, as it tends to detract from the readability -- and therefore the maintainability -- of your code.

Since integers and floating-point numbers are stored differently, it may sometimes be desirable and feasible, for efficiency purposes, to multiply an integer by a fractional value without converting the values to floating point and back, and without requiring a “cast”:

/** Compute the value of 2/3 of 5 */ public class FractMult { public static void main(String u[]) { double d1 = 0.666 * 5; // fast but obscure and inaccurate: convert System.out.println(d1); // 2/3 to 0.666 in programmer's head double d2 = 2/3 * 5; // wrong answer - 2/3 == 0, 0*5.0 = 0.0 System.out.println(d2); double d3 = 2d/3d * 5; // "normal" System.out.println(d3); double d4 = (2*5)/3d; // one step done as integers, almost same answer System.out.println(d4); int i5 = 2*5/3; // fast, approximate integer answer System.out.println(i5); } }

Running it looks like this:

$ java FractMult 3.33 0.0 3.333333333333333 3.3333333333333335 3 $

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