Java API for XML Processing

The JAXP API is an optional package for Java 1.1 and above. It is also a standard component of the J2EE 1.3 platform. The full specification and a reference implementation are available from

The SAX and DOM APIs that are actually used for processing XML files don’t include a standard method for creating a parser object; this is one of the voids JAXP fills. The API provides a set of Factory objects that will create parsers or XSLT processors. Additionally, JAXP defines a programmatic interface to XSLT processors.

The actual parser and processor implementations used by JAXP are pluggable. You can use the Crimson parser, the Apache Xerces parser (available from, or any other JAXP-compatible parser. Version 1.1 of the reference implementation ships with Sun’s Crimson XML parser and the Xalan XSL engine from the Apache XML project (again, see Future JAXP implementations will likely replace Crimson with Xerces. There are still variations in support for different levels of functionality across parser implementations. The examples in this chapter have been tested with the Crimson parser that ships with JAXP and all other Sun products.

JAXP 1.1 is included in the J2EE 1.3 platform. To use JAXP with JDK 1.1 or Java2, you can download the reference implementation from You will need to add the jaxp.jar file to your CLASSPATH, as well as the JAR files containing ...

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