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Java in a Nutshell, 5th Edition by David Flanagan

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Name

Package java.nio.channels

Synopsis

This package is at the heart of the NIO API. A channel is a communication channel for transferring bytes from or to a java.nio.ByteBuffer. Channels serve a similar purpose to the InputStream and OutputStream classes of the java.io package, but are completely unrelated to those classes, and provide important features not available with the java.io API. The Channels class defines methods that bridge the java.io and java.nio.channels APIs, by returning channels based on streams and streams based on channels.

The Channel interface simply defines methods for testing whether a channel is open and for closing a channel. The other interfaces in the package extend Channel and define read( ) and write( ) methods for reading bytes from the channel into one or more byte buffers and for writing bytes from one or more byte buffers to the channel.

The FileChannel class defines an channel-based API for reading and writing from files (and also provides other important file functionality such as file locking and memory mapping that is not available through the java.io package). SocketChannel, ServerSocketChannel, and DatagramChannel are channels for communication over a network, and Pipe defines two inner classes that use the channel abstraction for communication between threads.

The network and pipe channels are all subclasses of the SelectableChannel class, and may be put into nonblocking mode, in which calls to read( ) and write( ) return immediately, even ...

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