Chapter 3. JSP Overview

JSP is the latest Java technology for web application development, and is based on the servlet technology introduced in the previous chapter. While servlets are great in many ways, they are generally reserved for programmers. In this chapter, we look at the problems that JSP technology solves, the anatomy of a JSP page, the relationship between servlets and JSP, and how a JSP page is processed by the server.

In any web application, a program on the server processes requests and generates responses. In a simple one-page application, such as an online bulletin board, you don’t need to be overly concerned about the design of this piece of code; all logic can be lumped together in a single program. But when the application grows into something bigger (spanning multiple pages, with more options and support for more types of clients) it’s a different story. The way your site is designed is critical to how well it can be adapted to new requirements and continue to evolve. The good news is that JSP technology can be used in all kinds of web applications, from the simplest to the most complex. Therefore, this chapter also introduces the primary concepts in the design model recommended for web applications, and the different roles played by JSP and other Java technologies in this model.

The Problem with Servlets

In many Java servlet-based applications, processing the request and generating the response are both handled by a single servlet class. A example servlet looks ...

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