HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. That’s a fancy way of saying that HTML is a language that’s used to create links (hypertext). HTML is so much more than simply a language for creating links, though.
Markup languages, such as HTML, were invented in order to give documents (such as letters, books, or essays) structure that a computer can understand and do things with.
Listing 5-1 shows a simple list that a person can understand with no problem.
Listing 5-1 A List
Things I Need
As a person, you see this list and immediately understand it. But to a computer, this list has some issues. For example, a computer has no way of knowing that Things I Need is a title rather than an item on the list. Figure 5-1 ...