HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. That’s a fancy way of saying that HTML is a language that’s used to create links (hypertext). HTML is so much more than simply a language for creating links, though.
Seeing what text looks like without HTML
Markup languages, such as HTML, were invented in order to give documents (such as letters, books, or essays) structure that a computer can understand and do things with.
Listing 5-1 shows a simple list that a person can understand with no problem.
Listing 5-1 A List
Things I Need
As a person, you see this list and immediately understand it. But to a computer, this list has some issues. For example, a computer has no way of knowing that Things I Need is a title rather than an item on the list. Figure 5-1 ...