jQuery Selectors and Selection Methods
Throughout this chapter, we’ve been using the jQuery selection
$(), with simple CSS
selectors. It is now time to study the jQuery selector grammar in
depth, along with a number of methods for refining and augmenting the
set of selected elements.
jQuery supports a fairly complete subset of the selector grammar defined by the CSS3 Selectors draft standard, with the addition of some nonstandard but very useful pseudoclasses. Basic CSS selectors were described in Selecting Elements with CSS Selectors. We repeat that material here, and add explanations for more advanced selectors as well. Bear in mind that this section documents jQuery selectors. Many, but not all, of these selectors can also be used in CSS stylesheets.
The selector grammar has three layers. You’ve undoubtedly seen
the simplest kind of selectors before. “#test” selects an element
id attribute of “test”.
“blockquote” selects all
<blockquote> elements in the
document, and “div.note” selects all
<div> elements with a
class attribute of “note”. Simple
selectors can be combined into “selector combinations” such as
“div.note>p” and “blockquote i” by separating them with a
combinator character. And simple selectors and
selector combinations can be grouped into comma-separated lists.
These selector groups are the most general kind of selector that we
$(). Before explaining selector combinations and selector groups, we must explain the syntax of simple ...