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J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2013: For Preparing Your 2012 Tax Return by J.K. Lasser Institute

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5.16 Unadjusted Basis of Your Property

To determine your tax cost for property, first find in the following section the unadjusted basis of the property, and then increase or decrease that basis (5.20).

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image Filing Tip
Basis of Mutual-Fund Shares
To figure gain or loss on the sale of mutual-fund shares where purchases are made at various times, you may use an averaging method to determine the cost basis of the shares sold (32.10).
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Property you bought.

Unadjusted basis is your cash cost plus the value of any property you gave to the seller. If you assumed a mortgage or bought property subject to a mortgage, the amount of the mortgage is part of your unadjusted basis.

Purchase expenses are included in your cost, such as commissions, title insurance, recording fees, survey costs, and transfer taxes.

If you buy real estate and reimburse the seller for property taxes he or she paid that cover the period after you took title, and you include the payment in your itemized deduction for real estate taxes (16.4), do not add the reimbursement to your basis. However, if you did not reimburse the seller, you must reduce your basis by the seller’s payment.

If at the closing you also paid property taxes attributable to the time the seller held the property, you add such taxes to basis.

EXAMPLE
You bought a building for $120,000 in cash and a purchase ...

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