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JMP Start Statistics, 6th Edition by Sheila Loring, Ann Lehman, Mia L. Stephens, John Sall

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18 Control Charts and Capability

Overview

Some statistics are for proving things. Some statistics are for discovering things. And, some statistics are to keep an eye on things, watching to make sure something stays within specified limits.

The watching statistics are needed mostly in industry for production processes that sometimes stray from proper adjustment. These statistics monitor variation, and their job is to distinguish the usual random variation (called common causes) from abnormal changes (called special causes).

These statistics are usually from a time series, and the patterns that they exhibit over time are clues to what is happening to the production process. If they are to be useful, the data for these statistics need to be collected ...

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