Elementary mathematical functions and operations

You can view the binary representation of any number (integer or float) with the bitstring function, for example, bitstring(3) returns "0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000011".

To round a number, use the round() function which returns a floating point number. All standard mathematical functions are provided, such as sqrt(), cbrt(), exp(), log(), sin(), cos(), tan(), erf() (the error function), and many more (refer to the URL mentioned at the end of this section). To generate a random number, use rand().

Use parentheses ( ) around expressions to enforce precedence. Chained assignments, such as a = b = c = d = 1, are allowed. The assignments are evaluated right-to-left. ...

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