The variance of a series of numbers is the mean of all the squares of the differences between each number and the mean of all the numbers.
The standard deviation of a series of numbers is the square root of their variance.
The estimated standard deviation and estimated variance of a series of numbers are the best guesses for those measures when only a sample of the entire population of numbers is used as a proxy for all of them.
The arithmetic mean (or simply mean) of a series of numbers is the average of the numbers as we normally understand it. If we have the following five numbers:
52, 53, 57, 58, 60
then their mean is:
The mean is useful, because it gives us an idea of the how ...