Since the completion of the fourth edition of this book, unions have encountered
ﬁerce attacks from Republicans, Tea Party zealots, and conservative Democrats.
ose in the private sector have suﬀered membership declines for more than 60
years. Despite determined eﬀorts to reverse this unhappy trend, the unions have
made little, if any, progress in stemming the powerful tide against them in the pri-
vate sector. In government, union membership, stagnant from the 1980s to 2010,
has suﬀered substantial declines nationwide as the consequence of layoﬀs driven
by the Great Recession and retraction of collective bargaining rights in Michigan,
Wisconsin, and other states. Conservative forces against public employee unions
and collective bargaining have been in a perpetual attack mode in many states and
localities. Meanwhile, spurred by New Public Management reforms, fundamental
restruc turing of private and public organizations and the processes they use to con-
duct their business continue at a fast pace. Globalization of labor, manufacturing,
and services profoundly challenges unions in the business sector. For their coun-
terparts in government, continuing citizen resistance to government taxing and
spending joined with eﬀorts to marketize and outsource government have posed
serious challenges to unions. Nonetheless, managing in a union environment is a
reality for approximately 40% of public managers, with unions remaining as key
political actors in the federal government and in a large proportion of state and
is ﬁfth edition of Labor Relations in the Public Sector has been completely
updated in terms of the scholarly and professional literature and relevant events.
As in previous editions, collective bargaining and labor relations are addressed at
all levels of government, with comparisons to the private and nonproﬁt sectors.
Interest-based (win–win) negotiations are a prominent theme in discussions of the
bargaining process and contract administration. e ﬁfth edition features new case
studies that are intended to provide students with experiential learning opportuni-
ties. e fundamental organization of the book remains the same.
e ﬁfth edition is designed to be classroom friendly. As before, the book is
intended for use in graduate and undergraduate courses in labor relations, collective
bargaining, human resource management, and problems in public administration.
xiv ◾ Preface
A new coauthor contributes to this edition, Dr. Patrice Mareschal. Patrice
completed her Masters of Industrial & Labor Relations at Cornell University and
her PhD in Political Science at the University of Oklahoma. She contributes a
blend of research interests and practical experience working in labor employment
We appreciate the comments and suggestions of professors and students who have
used earlier editions of this book. anks also go to Lauren Hales and John Strange
at North Carolina State University and Patricia Ciorici at Rutgers University, who
helped gather information and materials, prepare tables and ﬁgures, and update
the bibliography for the ﬁfth edition. Richard Kearney is indebted to Kathy, Joel,
Laura, Andrew, and Nicole for their love and support. Patrice Mareschal is grateful
to her children, Jacob and Arielle, and her mom, Peggy, for inspiration and support.
Richard C� Kearney
North Carolina State University