Data preprocessing in Spark

So far, we've seen how to load text data from the local filesystem and HDFS. Text files can contain either unstructured data (like a text document) or structured data (like a CSV file). As for semi-structured data, just like files containing JSON objects, Spark has special routines able to transform a file into a DataFrame, similar to the DataFrame in R and Python pandas. DataFrames are very similar to RDBMS tables, where a schema is set.

JSON files and Spark DataFrames

In order to import JSON-compliant files, we should first create a SQL context, creating a SQLContext object from the local Spark Context:

In:from pyspark.sql import SQLContext
sqlContext = SQLContext(sc)

Now, let's see the content of a small JSON file (it's ...

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