As for the best leaders, people do not notice their existence. The next best, people honor and praise. The next, people fear and the next, people hate. When the best leader’s work is done, the people say, “we did it ourselves!”
—Lao Tzu, cited in Heider, 1988
This chapter focuses on the needs, desires, and aspirations that motivate retired people to assume leadership roles and provides a theoretical framework, a way of exploring and understanding the influences within the culture of organizations that either facilitate or inhibit the emergence of leaders. An organizational culture perspective is essential to uncover the commonly held, yet often unspoken, deeper assumptions and beliefs ...