Selecting a person with a high potential to be effective is crucial for expatriate assignments. We believe that three factors contribute to this effectiveness: personality, early-life experiences, and family readiness. The first two can be addressed in the short term, and the third must be worked on over the long term.

What Is Expatriate Effectiveness?

Expatriate effectiveness can be difficult to define. Perceptions vary depending on one's point of view: the home country boss; the host country boss; the organization itself; the constituencies external to the organization such as customers, vendors, suppliers, and competitors; the peers and subordinates of expatriate managers; and the expatriates themselves will offer different definitions. ...

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