Katz graduated from Stanford University in 1954 with a degree in economics, making him, by training at least, a charter member of the formalist club. He spent his college days immersed in economic analysis, structured problem solving, and rational decision making.
The United States was still in the Korean War when Katz graduated. Had he waited to be drafted, Katz would have had no choice about which service he entered, so he decided to apply for the Navy’s Officer Candidate School. He was accepted, graduated, then went on to the Navy’s school for Supply Corps officers.
For a formalist like Katz, the military was fascinating. To this day, he follows developments in the procedures, programs, and rules of engagement ...

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