Chapter 2

Modern Mindfulness

Abstract

Mindfulness as a mode of awareness involves the self-regulation of attention maintained on immediate experience that is curious, inquiring, open, and accepting. Receptivity and acceptance in monitoring mental activity rather than active efforts to reach a specific goal characterize mindful awareness. In the West, mindfulness practices arose in the 1980s with Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction by the distinguished psychologist Jon Kabat-Zinn. A psychotherapy, Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, also emerged and emphasized changing the awareness of and relationship to thoughts rather than the thoughts. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy developed in the 1990s by Steven Hayes and Colleagues aimed to ...

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