Often, one would be interested in finding the probability of the occurrence of a set of random variables when other random variables in the problem are held fixed. As an example of population health study, one would be interested in finding what is the probability of a person, in the age range 40-50, developing heart disease with high blood pressure and diabetes. Questions such as these can be modeled using conditional probability, which is defined as the probability of an event, given that another event has happened. More formally, if we take the variables *A* and *B*, this definition can be rewritten as follows:

Similarly:

Start Free Trial

No credit card required