Herman B. “Dutch” Leonard and Arnold M. Howitt1
John F. Kennedy School of Government
This chapter presents a framework for comprehensive analysis of how society can reduce the aggregate loss in social welfare resulting from disasters, identifying five leverage points in which investments in capacity can make a difference. Substantial emphasis is generally placed on two of these leverage points: emergency response at the time of a disaster and preparation for response. In addition, in the wake of a disaster, society often commits massive resources to recovery for those individuals and communities directly affected. Less attention is typically ...