Classifying images

Automated remote sensing (ARS) is rarely ever done in the visible spectrum. ARS processes images without any human input. The most commonly available wavelengths outside of the visible spectrum are infrared and near-infrared.

The following illustration is a thermal image (band 10) from a fairly recent Landsat 8 flyover of the US Gulf Coast from New Orleans, Louisiana to Mobile, Alabama. The major natural features in the image have been labeled so that you can orient yourself:

Because every pixel in that image has a reflectance value, it is information as opposed to just color. The type of reflectance can tell us definitively ...

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